The Donation Process
Donors must be in good health, at least 17 years old (16 years old with written parental consent), and weigh at least 110 pounds. TBC donor ID card (preferred) or photo ID is required to donate.
To determine eligibility to donate we will:
- Ask questions about your health, travel, and medicines.
- Ask questions to determine if you might be at risk for transfusion transmissible diseases.
- Take donor blood pressure and temperature.
- Take a small blood sample to ensure you are not anemic.
If you are able to donate we will:
- Cleanse your arm with an antiseptic (please tell us if you are allergic to chlorahexadine or iodine).
- Use a new, sterile, disposable needle to collect your blood.
Whole Blood Donation
When donating whole blood, a needle will be placed in your arm to remove approximately one pint of your blood. The blood will flow through the tubing attached to the needle into a collection system. The process will take approximately 10 to 15 minutes. Your body will replace the liquid part of your blood (called plasma) in just a few hours, and the blood cells will be replaced within a few weeks. Whole blood donors can donate every 56 days.
Apheresis (Automated) Donation
The apheresis process allows us to remove only a portion of your blood (platelets, plasma, red cells, or white blood cells). A needle will be placed in your arm. Blood will flow through the tubing attached to the needle into a system that will collect the desired component. The remainder of your blood will be returned to you through the same arm. The process will take 30 minutes to 2 hours, depending on the component(s) you are donating.
Your body will replace the liquid part of your blood (called plasma) in just a few hours. The platelets and white blood cells will be replaced within 48 to 72 hours. If you donate red cells by automa-tion alone, or with platelets and plasma, the red cells will be replaced within a few weeks.
The acceptable frequency for automated donations depends on the component(s) being collected at each donation. In general, the following intervals apply:
- Whole blood donation: every 56 days (8 weeks)
- Platelet donation: once in a 7-day period and no more than 24 times in a rolling calendar year
- Plasma donation: every 28 days
- Red cell donation in conjunction with another component: every 56 days (8 weeks)
- Double red cell donation: every 16 weeks
All donors are subject to maximum red cell and plasma loss limits for a rolling calendar year. These limits are determined by the Food and Drug Administration and The Blood Connection medical staff. In the rare event of a mechanical failure or damage to your red cells during your donation, we may not be able to return part of your blood. Should this occur, you might not be allowed to donate again for 8 weeks (16 weeks, if giving a double unit of red cells).
What Happens After Donation
To protect patients, blood is tested for transfusion transmissible diseases. If a donor’s blood tests positive, it will not be transfused to a patient. Donors will be notified about test results that may disqualify them from donating in the future.
Do not donate to be tested for HIV, hepatitis, or any other infections.
Important Donor Information
Making Your Blood Donation Safe
Accuracy and Honesty are Essential
Your complete honesty and accuracy in answering all questions are very important for the safety of patients who receive your blood. It is crucial that we obtain full, honest, and complete information about your health and behaviors. Thank you for your careful answers to the questions you will be asked. All information you provide is confidential.
Please do not discuss your health history with anyone in the waiting area. You have the right to discuss the procedure with a physician.
Your Role in Improving Your Donation Experience
- Keep arm still during your donation to prevent irritation of your vein or nerves.
- Inform our staff immediately if you feel any arm discomfort, nausea, or faintness.
- Practice muscle tensing while on donor bed to improve blood flow. This involves crossing legs at ankles and then applying tension to squeeze leg muscles. (Our staff can provide further instructions).
- Remain on donor bed for 5 minutes after needle has been removed. Then, if you feel well, sit on side of bed briefly before standing. Do not stand if you do not feel well.
- Remain in Refresh area for at least 10 additional minutes, and have a drink and snack. TBC recommends you drink water and eat a salty snack unless you are on a sodium restricted diet.
- While sitting in Refresh area, cross ankles, and squeeze leg muscles. This will continue to improve your blood flow after donating.
- After leaving the Refresh area, continue to drink water and eat, if your diet allows, salty snacks/food.
- You will be given a sheet containing post donation care instructions. Please keep this as a reference should you need guidance after you leave our donation site.
- Use muscle tensing any time you feel anxious, dizzy, or faint. If symptoms continue or worsen, lower yourself to the floor, prop feet at level higher than heart, and summon help.
- If you will be driving after your donation, ensure you feel well before starting your vehicle. Do not drive after donation if you are experiencing any faintness, weakness, dizziness, nausea or similar symptoms.
- Please let us know if you have suggestions to improve our process. These are always welcome.
Donor Eligibility – Specific Information
Travel to (or Birth in) Other Countries
Blood donor tests may not be available for some transmissible diseases that are found only in certain countries. If you were born in, have lived in, or visited certain countries, you may not be eligible to donate.
Why we ask questions about sexual contact:
Sexual contact may cause transmissible diseases to get into the bloodstream and be spread through transfusions to someone else.
Definition of sexual contact:
The terms sexual contact or sex are used in some of the questions you will be asked. These can mean different things to each of us, but in keeping with federal guidelines these terms apply to any of the activities below, whether or not a condom or other protection was used during sexual contact.
- Vaginal sex (contact between penis and vagina).
- Oral sex (mouth or tongue on someone’s vagina, penis, or anus).
- Anal sex (contact between penis and anus).
Zika is transmitted to humans primarily by mosquitoes. However, sexual transmission of the virus has been reported. Countries at risk for Zika outbreaks are posted on the CDC webpage http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/index.html
Disease symptoms include: fever, rash, joint pain, muscle pain, eye infection and headache.
- If you have traveled to a country of risk, do not donate for 4 weeks after your departure from that country.
- If you have a history of Zika infection, do not donate for 4 weeks after your symptoms are gone.
- If you have symptoms of Zika infection within 2 weeks after leaving a country of risk, do not donate for 4 weeks after your symptoms are gone.
- If you develop symptoms within 2 weeks of donating blood, call the Donor Self-Exclusion Hotline immediately at 1.800.392.6551 ext.3104.
HIV/AIDS Risk Behaviors and Symptoms
AIDS is caused by HIV. HIV is spread mainly through sexual contact with an infected person or by sharing needles or syringes used for injecting drugs.
Do Not Donate If You:
- Have AIDS or have ever had a positive HIV test.
- Have ever used needles to take drugs, steroids, or anything not prescribed by a doctor.
- Are a male who has had sexual contact with another male, even once, since 1977.
- Have ever taken money, drugs or other payment for sex since 1977.
- Have had sexual contact in the past 12 months with anyone described above.
- Have had syphilis or gonorrhea in the past 12 months.
- Have been in juvenile detention, lockup, jail or prison for more than 72 hours in the last 12 months.
- Have any of the following conditions that can be signs or symptoms of HIV/AIDS:
- Unexplained weight loss or night sweats.
- Blue or purple spots in the mouth or on your skin.
- Swollen lymph nodes for more than one month.
- White spots or unusual spots in your mouth.
- Cough that won’t go away or shortness of breath.
- Diarrhea that won’t go away.
- Fever of more than 100.5 degrees F for more than 10 days.
Remember that you can transmit HIV to someone else through blood transfusions even when feeling well and have a negative HIV test, because tests cannot detect infections for a period of time after a person is exposed to HIV. Do not give blood only as a means for an AIDS or hepatitis test. Confidential AIDS testing is available at the local health department or call 1.800.322.AIDS for more information.
Confidentiality of Screening and Test Results
Blood centers are required to keep a confidential list of names whose blood might be harmful to patients. If medical history or blood test results are unclear or if they show that a donor’s blood might make someone sick, his name will be placed on this list. This list is strictly confidential.
If you believe your blood should not be given to another person call the Donor Self-Exclusion Hotline 1.800.392.6551 ext. 1099
TBC uses a single-use sterile collection kit for each donor.
It is important that you do not donate blood to be tested for AIDS.
Confidential AIDS testing is available at these County Health Departments:
Upstate Prevention: 1.888.232.2310
SC AIDS/STD Hotline: 1.800.322.AIDS
WNC AIDS Project: 1.800.346.3731
905 W. Greenwood Street
Abbeville, SC 29620
200 University Ridge
Greenville, SC 29601
1736 South Main Street
Greenwood, SC 29646
93 Human Services Road
Clinton, SC 29325
151 East Wood Street
Spartanburg, SC 29305
609 North Townville Street
Seneca, SC 29678
200 Booker Drive
Walhalla, SC 29691
200 McDaniel Avenue
Pickens, SC 29671
222 North Boulevard
Toccoa, GA 30577
2111 Wilson Road
Newberry, SC 29108
Polk County (NC)
161 Walker Road
Columbus, NC 28722
Henderson County (NC)
1200 Spartanburg Highway
Hendersonville, NC 28792